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      1. 新東方網>英語>英語學習>英語閱讀>英美文化>正文

        英文每個月份的來歷:終于知道為啥都在六月扎堆結婚了!

        2019-07-25 14:12

        來源:Dictionary.com

        作者:

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          Perhaps the Anglo-Saxons—who spoke that linguistic ancestor of English known as Old English—were onto something when they collectively called June and July Liea. That’s pronounced like [lee–thuh], with the character e having the voiced th-, like this. Liea itself may mean “calm” or “mild.” On its own, June was sometimes also referred to as ?rra-Liea, which is like “ere/first Liea,” and July ?ftera-Liea, or “after/second Liea.”

          也許只有古英語時期的人——英語的祖先盎格魯-撒克遜人才知道他們將六月和七月統稱為“Liea”時,他們在想什么。這個詞的發音類似[lee-thuh],字符“e”是“this”中“th”音的濁化。“Liea”本身意為“平靜”或“溫和”。在此基礎上,六月(June)有時也被稱為“?rra-Liea”,相當于“前/第一個Liea(ere /first Liea)”,而七月(July)則被稱為“?ftera-Liea”,意為“后/第二個Liea(after/second Liea)。”

          So, how did the six month of the year go from Liea to June?

          那么,這一年中的第六個月是何以從“Liea”變為“June”的呢?

          Where did June come from?

          六月從何而來?

          June ultimately comes from the the Latin Iunius, “of Juno (Iuno),” referring to the Roman goddess. The J sound for the I in Latin’s Iuno emerges in French, and its spelling with the letter J doesn’t settle in English until the late 1600s.

          六月“June”一詞說到底是來自拉丁詞語“Iunius”,取自羅馬女神“朱諾(Iuno)”之名。拉丁詞語“Iuno”中“I”發“J”音源于法國,并于17世紀后期改用字母“J”來拼寫該詞。

          The name Iuno itself appears to come from the Latin iuventas, “youth,” which is related to words like juvenile and rejuvenate. In ancient Rome, Iunius was the fourth month of the year in a ten-month calendar.

          而“luno”這個名字又源于拉丁詞語“iuventas”,意為“年輕”,和“少年的(juvenile)”、“返老還童(rejuvenate)”這些詞相關。古羅馬時,“六月 (Iunius)”是十月年歷的第四個月。

          While Iunius was sometimes used alongside ?rra-Liea in Old English and Middle English, June takes over, along with the other ancient Roman names for the months of the year, with the spread of Christianity in England in the the Middle Ages.

          雖然古英語和中古英語時期會同時使用“Iunius”和“?rra-Liea”來表示六月,但隨著其他月份都紛紛改用了羅馬名稱,同時伴隨著中世紀基督教在英國的傳播,“June”便接管了六月的大旗。

          Who is Juno?

          “朱諾”是誰?

          So, who is Juno, you ask? Identified as a counterpart to the Greek Hera, Juno was an important and powerful ancient Italian deity who became the protector of Rome, wife of Jupiter, queen of gods, and goddess of marriage, childbirth, and fertility.

          那么你可能會問,朱諾是誰?她是古代意大利一位重要且有權勢的神祇,相當于希臘神話中的女神赫拉。之后則變身為羅馬的保護神,是朱庇特的妻子、眾神之王后,掌管婚姻、分娩和生育。

          Summer weddings are pretty popular, and they may have started because of the blessing that this goddess bestowed on those wed in her sacred, namesake month.

          大家都喜歡在夏季舉行婚禮,可能是因為這位女神會在自己的月份將神圣的祝福給予這些新人們吧!

          When did June become a name?

          “June”是什么時候成為人的名字的?

          In the United States, the given name June skyrocketed in popularity in the early twentieth century. In 1925, it was the 39th most popular name for a baby girl … a place held by the name Natalie today.

          在二十世紀初的美國,“June”作為新生兒的名字大受歡迎。1925年,“June”是第39個最受歡迎的女寶寶的名字,如今排名39位的則是Natalie。

          While the name fell out of popularity through the rest of the century, it has recently been back in vogue, breaking into the top 300 most popular girls names in 2015. Of course, it remains a popular choice for babies born in the month of June.

          雖然“June”這一名字在該世紀剩下的時間里已不再受到關注,但最近又回歸流行,2015年又躋身于300個最受歡迎的女孩名字之列。當然,對于出生在六月的寶寶們來說,June這個名字仍然是一個不錯的選擇。

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